Higher Studies In India
Higher education in India starts after passing the higher secondary education or the 12th standard. Depending on what you study, attaining your degree in India can take three to five years. Postgraduate courses are generally two to three years long. After completing a postgraduate degree, there is the option of continuing on with doctoral studies and research at various educational institutes.
Due to the limited number of universities in relation to a large number of applicants, universities work with affiliated colleges. These provide education and issue degrees under the name of the affiliated university. There are approximately 20,000 colleges, 42 central universities, 275 State universities, 130 Deemed Universities and 93 Institutes of National importance in the Indian higher education system.
The private sector within Indian higher education is also strong and steadily growing. These institutes offer education at everything from certificate and diploma level to undergraduate and postgraduate education. These private institutions originally started a trend for distance education, which is now very popular throughout India. Today many prestigious Indian Universities offer distance programs and some such as Indira Gandhi National Open University offer only distance programs, and are one of the largest in student enrollment.
India has undergone a paradigm shift owing to its competitive stand in the world. The Indian economy is on a robust growth trajectory and boasts of a stable 8 plus annual growth rate, rising foreign exchange reserves and booming capital markets among others.
India has emerged as a premier global manufacturing hub with the foray of a number of Multi-National corporations such as General Motors, Ford, Suzuki, Hyundai, Coco-Cola, etc.
The current scenario portrays significant improvement in the performance of beverages and tobacco, cotton textiles, textile products, basic metal and alloy industries, nonmetallic mineral products, transport equipment, and other manufacturing industries.
Global players such as Daimler Chrysler, General Motors, Ford, LG Electronics, Samsung, Sony, Amway, Tupperware, Pepsico, McDonald’s, IBM, Oracle, Microsoft, Aviva, Nortel, Nokia among others have benefited from their operations in India and have made expansion plans for the country. The companies plan to expand by way of product diversification, setting up a manufacturing base in India, increasing the existing production capacity, establishing research centers in India, etc.
Education in India has many benefits. Some of them are:
Low Cost: The cost of education in India is quite low as compared to many other countries in the world.
Quality Education: Indian educational institutions such as the IITs, IISc, IIMs, NITs, AIIMS, ISI, BITS, and ISB are well known worldwide to provide quality education.
Unique Courses: Apart from the above-mentioned advantages, one can also study some unique courses that were discovered and developed by the traditional knowledge system of India. Ayurveda, Sankrit, Yoga, and Hindi are some such courses that enthuse many international students.
Financial Assistance: Various scholarships, education loans, and other financial aids are available for studying in India today.
There are quite a good number of educational institutes in India that can compete with the best educational institutes in the world. The Indian Institutes of Technology were placed 50th in the world and 2nd in the field of Engineering (next only to MIT) by Times Higher World University Rankings. The International league tables produced in 2006 by the London-based Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) confirmed Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)’s a place among the world’s top 200 universities. Likewise, THES 2006 ranked JNU’s School of Social Sciences at the 57th position among the world’s top 100 institutes for social sciences. The National Law School of India University is highly regarded, with some of its students being awarded Rhodes Scholarships to Oxford University, and the All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS) is consistently rated the top medical school in the country. Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) are the top management institutes in India. Indian Technical Education is very strong these days and there are several thousand colleges in India that provide technical education.